Practical Applications of Teaching Methodologies in Human Anatomy

Paulo Franco Taitson *

Department of Anatomy, Institute of Biological Science and Health, Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Dom Jose Gaspar Avenue, 500/23 Building. 30535-901, Brazil.

Laura Furletti Santiago

College of Natural Science, Michigan State University, Michigan, USA.

Marcela Cançado Sarkis

Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Fernanda Oliveira Prado de Vasconcelos

School of Medicine, University of José do Rosário Vellano, UNIFENAS, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Clara Fraga Elias

School of Dentistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The aim of this study is to underscore the significance of utilizing cadavers, artificial anatomical models, and innovative methodologies in Human Anatomy education, such as digital tables and 3D glasses. Additionally, it seeks to highlight the most effective approach for studying the female pelvis anatomically.

Materials and Methods: To achieve this, 600 questionnaires administered between March and October 2023 were analyzed.

Results: Anatomical models emerged as the predominant practical teaching method in Human Anatomy, accounting for all 600 cases (100%). Cadavers were utilized in 504 cases, representing 84% of the studies. The digital table was employed in 312 cases (52%), and 3D glasses were referenced in 144 cases (24%). When assessing the method most conducive to studying the female pelvis, the majority of respondents cited cadavers (82%), followed by artificial anatomical models (11.5%), the digital table (5%), and 3D glasses (1.5%).

Conclusions: The popularity of anatomical models can be attributed to their accessibility, ease of handling, and durability. However, cadavers were deemed the most beneficial for studying the female pelvis due to their ability to provide a comprehensive three-dimensional perspective, facilitating understanding of the spatial relationships between genital structures and other pelvic organs. Furthermore, practical anatomy sessions utilizing cadavers offer valuable emotional preparation for future clinical encounters, fostering a deeper appreciation for the human body beyond mere academic study.

Keywords: Human anatomy, education, teaching methodologies, anatomical models

How to Cite

Taitson, P. F., Santiago, L. F., Sarkis, M. C., Vasconcelos, F. O. P. de, & Elias, C. F. (2024). Practical Applications of Teaching Methodologies in Human Anatomy. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 27(3), 1–6.


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