Main Article Content
The proximate and mineral analyses were conducted in the Department of Biochemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, Bayero University Kano, Nigeria, in May 2019. The study was carried out to determine the proximate and mineral composition of the fruit of Ficus polita using standard analytical methods. The fruit on dry weight basis (DW) contains moisture (9.12 %), ash (1.30 %), crude lipid (20.51 %), crude fibre (56.69 %), crude protein (1.19 %), available carbohydrates (11.40 %), and calorific value (234.98 Kcal/100 g). The fruit also contains potassium (324.46 mg/100 g), sodium (164.78 mg/100 g), calcium (91.09 mg/100 g), magnesium (70.06 mg/100 g), iron (3.39 mg/100 g), zinc (0.46 mg/100 g), manganese (0.37 mg/100 g), copper (0.23 mg/100 g), and cobalt (0.11 mg/100 g). The study revealed that F. polita fruit contains an appreciable amount of calorific value, crude fibre, crude lipid, available carbohydrate, and crude protein. The fruit was also found to be rich in minerals such as potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium and iron. The fruit should be recommended as a good source of energy, fibre, lipid, carbohydrate, protein, potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, and iron.
Raghavendra AS. Physiology of Trees. John Willy and Sons Inc; 1991.
Gibbon D, Pain A. Crops of the Drier Regions of the Tropics. Longman, England. 1985;70-71.
Njidda AA. Chemical composition, fibre fraction and anti-nutritional substances of semi-arid browse forages of North-Eastern Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 2010;18(2):181-188.
Ndamitso MM, Jacob JO, Idris S, Jimoh T. Prospects in the use of Ficus polita as a local ruminant feed. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2010;9(21):3116-3121.
Otu OC. Proximate study, amino acids and phyto-constituents of raw and boiled Ficus polita Vahl fruits. Chemistry Research Journal. 2017;2(5):38-43.
Umar KJ, Hassan LG, Usman H, Wasagu RSU. Nutritional composition of the seeds of wild melon (Citrulluse cirrhosus). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2013;16(11):536-540.
Hassan LG, Sokoto AM, Ngaski MA, Anka SA, Chanchangi BM, Umar KJ, et al. Nutritional and anti-nutritional analyses of Hura crepitans seeds cultivated in Sokoto North L.G.A, North-Western Nigeria. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. 2018;11(1):126-130.
Muhammad S, Umar KJ, Sani NA, Muhammad S. Evaluation of nutritional and anti -nutritional profile of gingerbread plum (Neocarya macrophylla) seed kernel from Sokoto State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Technology. 2015;4:361-367.
Hassan LG, Bagudo BU, Aliero AA, Umar KJ, Abubakar L, Sani NA. Evaluation of nutrient and anti-nutrient contents of Parkia biglobosa (L.) flower. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 2011;19(1):76- 80.
AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis International, 18th edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.USA. 2005;6-8.
Hassan LG, Muhammad MU, Umar KJ, Sokoto AM. Comparative study on the proximate and mineral contents of the seed and pulp of sugar apple (Annona squamosa). Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2008;16(2):179-182.
Okoronkwo CU, Ogwo PA, Udensi EA, Agu RO. Nutritional and phytochemical composition of Utu (Icacina senegalensis) and Sycamore (Ficus sycomorus) Seeds. Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology. 2014; 8(7):49-53.
Aberoumand A, Deokule SS. Proximate and mineral composition of wild coco (Eulophia ochreata L.) tubers in Iran. Asian Journal of Food and Agro-Industry. 2009; 2(02):203-209.
Dreon DM, Vranizan KM, Krauss RM, Austin MA, Wood PD. The Effects of polyunsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat on plasma, lipoproteins. Journal of American Medical Association. 1990;263: 2462.
Abolaji OA, Adebayo AH, Odesanmi, O.S. Nutritional qualities of three medicinal plant parts (Xylopia aethiopica, Blighia sapida and Parinari polyandra) commonly used by pregnant women in the western part of Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2007;6(6):665-668.
Wasagu RSU, Lawal M, Shehu S, Alfa HH, Muhammad C. Nutritive values, mineral and antioxidant properties of Pistia stratiotes (water lettuce). Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 2013;21(4): 253-257.
Pugalenthi M, Vadivel V, Gurumoorthi P, Janardhanan J. Comparative nutritional evaluation of little known legumes, Tamarindus indica, Erythrina indica and Sesbania bispinosa. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystem. 2004;4:107-123.
Zarkada CG, Voldeng HD, Vu UK. Determination of the protein quality of three new northern adapted cultivars or common and mico types soya beans by amino acids analysis. Journal for Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 1997;45: 1161-1168.
Umi Kalsum HZ, Mirfat AHS. Proximate composition of Malaysian underutilized fruits. Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Science. 2014;42(1):63–72.
Onibon VO, Abulude FO, Lawal LO. Nutritional and antinutritional composition of some Nigerian fruits. Journal of Food Technology. 2007;5(2):120-122.
Oibiokpa FI, Adoga GI, Saidu AN, Shittu KO. Nutritional composition Detarium microcarpum fruit. African Journal of Food Science. 2014;8(6):342-350.
Allen LH. Intervention for micronutrient deficiency control in developing countries: past, present and future. Journal of Nutrition. 2003;133:3875-3878.
Hassan LG, Abdulmumin U, Umar KJ, Ikeh PO, Aliero AA. Nutritional and Anti nutritional composition of Strychnos innocua Del. (Monkey Orange) fruit pulp grown in Zuru. Nigerian Journal of Basic and Applied Science. 2014;22(1&2):33-37.
Atasie VN, Akinhanmi TF, Ojiodu CC. Proximate analysis and physico-chemical properties of groundnut (Srachis hypogaea L.). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2009; 8(2):194-197.
Idris S, Iyaka YA, Ndamitso MM, Paiko YB. Nutritional composition of the leaves and steams of Ocinum gratissium. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2011;2(5):801-805.
Ishida H, Suzuno H, Sugiyama N, Innami S, Todokoro T, Maekawa A. Nutritional evaluation of chemical components of leaves stalks and stems of sweat potatoes (Ipomoea batatas Poir). Food Chemistry. 2000;68:359-367.
Linder MC. Nutritional Biochemistry and Metabolism: With Clinical Applications. 2nd ed., Aplleton and Lange. 1991;215-269.
Camara F, Amaro CA. Nutritional aspects of zinc availability. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. 2003;54:143-152.
Sharma N, Gupta PC, Rao CV. Nutrient content, mineral content and antioxidant activity of Amaranthus viridis and Moringa oleifera leaves. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants. 2012;6(3):253-259.
Agomuo JK, Akajiaku LO, Alaka IC, Taiwo M. Mineral and antinutrients of fresh and squeezed-washed bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) as affected by traditional de-bittering methods. European Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2016;4(2): 21-30.
Anhwange BA, Ajibola VO, Oniye SJ. Chemical studies of the seeds of Moringa oleifera (Lam) and Detarium microcarpum (Guill and Sperr). J. Biol. Sci. 2004;4:711-715.
Abitogun AS, Borokini FB, Ashogbon AO. Nutritional and chemical composition of ripe and unripe Vitex glandifolia. Journal of Research in National Development. 2010; 8(1):1-8.
Mielcarz GW, Howard AN, Williams NR, Kinsman GD, Moriguchi Y, Mizushima S, et al. Copper and zinc status as a risk factor for ischemic heart disease: A comparison between Japanese in Brazil and Okinawa. Journal of Trace Element Experiment of Medicine. 1997;10: 29-35.