Main Article Content
Aims: The aim of the study was to identify postharvest activities of yam farming households in North-East Zone of Benue State, Nigeria and to assess the impact of losses from the yam postharvest activities on standard of living of yam farming households in North-East Zone of Benue State, Nigeria.
Study Design: Survey research design was adopted for the study.
Place and Duration of Study: North-East Zone of Benue State, Nigeria.
Methodology: The study purposively selected three (3) local government areas (Ukum, Katsina-Ala and Logo) that are most prominent in yam production in North-East Zone of Benue State from where a total sample size of two hundred and four (204) yam farming households were drawn from three local government areas of North-East Zone of Benue state using multi-stage cluster sampling technique.
Results: Almost all the farmers 99% (202) store their yams and majority of the farmers are also involved in yam marketing. Majority of the famers 84% (172) always need to transport their yams. This could be in order to access distant markets which make for more gain. The few who do not need to transport their produce could be those who sale at farm gates. This could also be the reason why only a few 64% (130) majority take time to sort, grade and clean their produce. With the computed f-statistic value of 512.110 which was significantly higher than the tabulated f-value of 16.26 at 1% level of significance and 5.05 at 5% level of significance, therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected. This implies that, yam loss from yam postharvest activities noted above has a significant negative impact on the standard of living of yam farming households in the study area by reducing their household income (99%), affecting their access to health care services (89%), access to education (64%), access to good housing (84%) and access to sufficient quality food (98%).
Conclusion: The study thus concludes that, yam loss during postharvest activities such as: yam handling, yam storage, yam transportation, yam sorting / grading / cleaning and yam marketing has significant negative impact on the standard of living of yam farming households in the study area, by reducing their household income, affecting their access to health care services, access to education, access to good housing and access to sufficient quality food. The study recommends communication of knowledge on modern yam storage methods to yam farmers in the study area by agricultural extension agents and building of yam processing factories in the study area so as to add economic value to yam and consequently improve the standard of living of yam farming households in the study area.
Verter N, Becvarova V. An analysis of yam production in Nigeria. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et. Silviculturae mendalianae Brunensis. 2015;63(2):695-665.
Mignouna DB, Akinola AA, Suleman I, Nweke F, Abdoulaye T. Yam: A cash crop in West Africa. YIIFSWA working paper series No. 3; 2014.
(Accessed:22 December, 2016)
Sanginga N, IITA. Root and tuber crops (cassava, yam, potato and sweet potato). Feeding Africa: An action plan for African agricultural transformation. Abdou Diouf International Conference Center, Daltar, Senegal; 2015.
Izekor OB, Olumese MI. Determinants of yam production and profitability in Edo state, Nigeria. African Journal of General Agriculture. 2010;6(4):205-221.
International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Healthy yam seed production. IITA Publications; 2013. Available:www.iita.org.on 5/10/2017.
Egbodo B. Igede Agba new yam festival: An emblem of identity renewal in Igede nation; 2016.
(Accessed: 27 January, 2017)
Gernah DI, Ukeyima MT, Ikya JK, Ode FK, Ogunbande BJ. Addressing food security challenges through agro-raw materials processing. Agricultural Science Research Journal. 2013;3(1): 6-13.
Food and Agricultural Organization. Save food: Global initiative on food loss and waste reduction. Key facts on food loss and waste you should know; 2018.
Adamu IG, Mada DA, Kabri HU. Comparison of yam storage techniques to reduce postharvest losses with regard to effective storage structures in Ganye Local Government, Adamawa State, Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Engineering. 2014;4(8): 26-31.
Phillips D, Ogbonna M, Etudaiye H, Mignouna D, Siwoko B. (Yam improvement for income and food security in West Africa. Nigeria: Detailed yam value chain analysis; 2013.
(Accessded:20 January, 2017)
Okoedo-Okojie DU, Onemolease EA. Factors affecting the adoption of yam storage technologies in the Northern ecological zone of Edo state, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. 2009; 27(2):155-160.
Akangbe JA, Oloruntoba OO, Ayanda IF, Komolafe SE. An analysis of yam storage strategy to promote food security in Asa Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management. 2012;5(4):550-558.
Ya Yam Farmers Association. Logo, Ukum and Katsina Ala Branchs.Unpublished names of registered members of yam farmers association; 2018.
Osunde ZD. Minimizing postharvest losses in yam (dioscorea spp): Treatments and techniques, in Robertson GL, Lupien JR. (eds). Using food science and technology to improve nutrition and promote national development. International Union of Food Science and Technology; 2008.
Dapaah PK. Assesssment of postharvest losses of yam production in the Krachi-East district of the Volta region of Ghana; 2014.
FAO. Storage and processing of roots and tubers in the tropics. Edited by Calverley DJB; 1998.
Halam K, Dywili M, Nwokolo EE. The role of education, income in determining standard of living and food security among the residents of Mhlontlo Local Municipality Eastern Cape, South Africa. Journal of Human Ecology. 2017;60(1):18-28.
Okoedo-Okojie DU, Onemolease EA. Factors affecting the adoption of yam storage technologies in the Northern ecological zone of Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. 2009;27(2):155-160.