Journal of Applied Life Sciences International 2020-02-28T10:44:06+00:00 Journal of Applied Life Sciences International Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Applied Life Sciences International (ISSN:&nbsp;2394-1103)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JALSI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘applied life sciences’. By not excluding papers on the basis of novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> The Status of Insect Pests Prevailing in Stored Wheat Grain under Traditional Storages of Cheha District of Gurage Zone of South Central Ethiopia 2020-02-28T10:44:06+00:00 Tsehaynew Wubetu Berhanu Hiruy <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To assess the status of the insect pests of stored wheat grains in Cheha destrict of Gurage Zone of Southern Ethiopia.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Peasant associations were selected purposefully based on intensity of wheat production, such that those peasant association growing wheat predominantly were selected for the survey, while villages, representative farmers and their storage systems were selected randomly using a nested design.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> Survey was conducted between 1, July to 30, December 2019 with the interval of one month in major wheat growing peasant associations of Cheha district of south central Ethiopia.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The assessment on abundance was made from of half kilogram of wheat grain sample taken from 135 randomly selected farmer’s storages of three peasant associations using taxonomic keys of books related to stored product insects.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Eight major species of insect pests consisting of four primary pests and four secondary pests belonging to five families with in two insect orders were documented. Of these pests recorded, <em>Sitophilus oryzae</em>, <em>Sitophilus zeamais</em>, <em>Sitotroga cereallella</em>, <em>Tribolium castaneum</em> and <em>Tribolium confusum</em>, respectively were the most prevalent and frequently occurring as they appeared between 12.74 and 33.78 individuals per 100 g of grain and as they occurred in the range between 77.78 and 92.26% per 100 g of sample wheat grain collected from the survey sites, respectively. These were followed by <em>Cryptolestes ferrugineus</em>, <em>Cryptolestes pusillus</em> and <em>Rhyzopertha dominica</em> which occurred between 7.26 and 10.74 individuals per 100 g of grain and in ranges between 51.85 and 66.67% per 100 g of sample wheat grain collected.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The traditional methods and practices used by farmers were inefficient for sufficient wheat grains protection against insect pests in storages; this implies for the urgent need for designing management strategies for more effective and sustainable methods of control.</p> 2020-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Growth and Leaf Chlorophyll Content of Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden are Adversely Affected by Simulated Acid Rain 2020-02-28T10:44:05+00:00 Langmi Fabrice Buma Titus Fondo Ambebe Zephania Nji Fogwe <p>The study assessed the effects of different pH values of simulated acid rain on growth and leaf chlorophyll content of <em>Eucalyptus grandis</em>.</p> <p>The treatments comprised of two simulated acid rain solutions of pH 4.0 and 3.5, and unacidified water at pH 6.5.</p> <p>Place and Duration of Study was the National Forestry Development Agency, Humid Savannah Zone, Bamenda I Sub-Division, North West Region, Cameroon, between June and September 2019, respectively.</p> <p>The experiment was conducted under field conditions. Thirty 3-month-old seedlings were exposed to each pH level at 7-day intervals using a spray bottle. While two sets of thirty seedlings were administered sulphuric acid calibrated tap water with pH values of 4.0 and 3.5, the third set that constituted the control was sprayed with normal tap water. Data were collected on morphology, biomass, and leaf chlorophyll content at the end of the study and subjected to analysis of variance and Scheffé’s test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The pH 3.5 treatment resulted in significantly lower responses of height (12.95 cm), number of leaves (15.28), leaf area (23.96 cm<sup>2</sup>) and total biomass (0.61 g) than the other two pH levels that did not differ for any of the traits. Average values between pH 4.0 and control were 20.39 cm, 22.00, 45.66 cm<sup>2</sup> and 1.77 g. Stem diameter and root collar diameter declined from 2.87 mm and 4.14 mm at the control to 2.54 mm and 3.78 mm at pH 3.5, respectively. Leaves at pH 3.5 showed signs of necrosis, drying and curling. Leaf chlorophyll content was significantly greater in the control (45.30 SPAD units) than in the pH 4.0 (40.01 SPAD units) and pH 3.5 (39.82 SPAD units) treatments that displayed similar responses.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study reveals that simulated acid rain at pH 3.5 can have a harmful effect on chlorophyll content and growth of <em>Eucalyptus grandis</em>.</p> 2020-02-25T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##