Response of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to Salicylic Acid and Calcium

Main Article Content

Nigar Afsana
Mohammad Mahbub Islam
Md. Elias Hossain
Rezowana Nizam
Nipa Monalesa
Md. Arif Hussain
Suraya Parvin

Abstract

Aims: The current piece study was conducted to find out the role of exogenous foliar application of salicylic acid (SA) and calcium (Ca2+) on growth, reproductive behavior and yield of tomato.

Study Design: The single factor experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications.

Place and Duration of Study: At the experimental farm of Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, during the winter season of November 2013 to April 2014.

Methodology: BARI Tomato-15 was used as planting material. Six different treatments viz., A0=0 mM of SA and 0 mM Ca2+, A1=0.25 mM SA and 0 mM Ca2+, A2=0 mM SA and 5 mM Ca2+, A3 =0.25 SA and 5 Ca2+, A4 =0 of SA and 10 Ca2+ and A5 = 0.25 SA and 10 mM Ca2+ were applied in the morning at 15, 30, and 45 days after transplanting (DAT). Data of plant height, branch plant-1, cluster plant-1, flowers plant-1, fruits plant-1, fruit length (cm), fruit diameter (cm) and yield were recorded and analyzed for logical interpretation.

Results: The morphological and yield contributing characters as well as yield of tomato were positively influenced with single and combined application salicylic acid (SA) and calcium (Ca2+). Significant increase of plant height and number of leaves plant-1 at 20, 40 and 60 DAT was observed with the application of A3 treatment. Application of A3 treatment also showed significant influence on production of cluster plant-1 (20.44), flowers plant-1 (168.1), and fruits plant-1 (99.42) as well as fruit yield (72.57 t ha-1). However application of A4 treatment failed to improve the morphological and yield contributing characters as well as yield of tomato over the A0 treatment (control).

Conclusion: Results suggest that combined application of SA and Ca2+ successfully increase the tomato fruit yield by altering the morphological and reproductive characters.

 

Keywords:
Tomato, salicylic acid (SA), calcium (Ca2 ), winter season and yield

Article Details

How to Cite
Afsana, N., Mahbub Islam, M., Elias Hossain, M., Nizam, R., Monalesa, N., Arif Hussain, M., & Parvin, S. (2017). Response of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) to Salicylic Acid and Calcium. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 15(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/JALSI/2017/37408
Section
Original Research Article