Prevalence of Tick Borne Haemoparasites in Some Breeds of Cattle and Goats Slaughtered in Some Abattoirs within Makurdi, Nigeria

Main Article Content

T. S. Atsuwe
V. U. Obisike
E. T. Azua
G. N. Imandeh

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare the prevalence of tick-borne hemiparasite in some variety of cattle and goat in Makurdi. The thin blood film technique was used in the study. Chi-square (X2) test was used to compare the prevalence rates. Breed of cattle examined was: White Fulani (45.2%), N'dama (35.5%) and Muturu (19.3%); While those of goats were: West African Dwarf (16.7%), Adamawa Red (37.3%) and Red Sokoto (46.1%). Haemoparasites of cattle and goats and their prevalence were: Anaplasma centrale (22.4%), A. marginale (21.1%), Bebesia bovis (11.4%); A. centrale (16.7%), A. marginale (12.3%), B. ovis (11.4%) and Theileria ovis (7.8%) respectively. The prevailing tick-borne hemiparasites detected were A. central, A. marginale and B. bovis, in cattle and A. central, A. marginale, B. ovis and T. ovis in goats.

Keywords:
Haemoparasites, cattle breed, anaplasma centrale, Bebesia bovis

Article Details

How to Cite
Atsuwe, T., Obisike, V., Azua, E., & Imandeh, G. (2019). Prevalence of Tick Borne Haemoparasites in Some Breeds of Cattle and Goats Slaughtered in Some Abattoirs within Makurdi, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 21(4), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/jalsi/2019/v21i430110
Section
Original Research Article

References

Zwart D. Haemoparasitic disease of bovines. Scientific and Technical Review. Office International des Epizootics. 1985; 4(3):447–458.

Jenny T. Compiled by directorate communication, National department of Agriculture in cooperation with APC – Ondersteprort Veterinary institute South Africa; 1999.

Makala CH, Mangani P, Fujisakl K, Nagasawa H. The current status of major tick borne diseases in Zambia. Veterinary Research. 2003;34:27-45.

Lindblom A, Wall Menus K, Nordberg M, Grsberg P, Eliasson I, Pahlson C, Nilsson K. Seroreactivity spotted fever rickettsiae and co- infections with other tick borne agents among habitants in Central and Southern Sweden. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2012;32(3):317–323.
[LRRD 2010.,22]

Atsuwe TS, Azua ET, Obisike VU, Imandeh GN. Comparative study on tick-borne haemoparaites of cattle and goats slaughtered in some abattoirs within Makurdi, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International. 2018;1-6.

Cheesbrough M. District laboratory practice in tropical countries part 1: Low price eds; Cambridge University Press. 1999;280–291.

Akande FA, Takeet MT, Makanju AO. Haemoparasites of cattle in Abeokuta, South West Nigeria. Science World Journal. 2010;5(4):19-21.

Pam VA, Ogbu KI, Igeh CP, Bit CJ, and Vincent TG. The occurrence of gestrointestiual and Haemoparasites of cattle in Jos of Plateau State, Nigeria. Jurnal of. Animal Science Adv. 2013; 3(2):97–102.

Agu WE, Amadi IN. Trypanosomosis of small ruminants (sheep and goats) and cattle in Abakaliki of Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Tropical Veterinary Parasitology. 2001; 19(2):1–8.

Olabode HOK, Jegede OC, Ajagbonna OP, Adah BMJ, Obafemi FA. Evaluation of haemoparasites in trade cattle slaughtered in Jos Abattoirs Plateau State- Nigeria. International Journal of Livestock Research. 2014;4(1):113-120.

Adamu B, Samallaand BC, Musa. Prevalence of haemoparasites of sheep and goats slaughtered in banclic abatthoir. International Journal of Applied Biological Research. 2012;4:128–133.