Capture Efficiency of Some Artisanal Fishing Gears Employed At Upper Benue River Basin, Nigeria

Main Article Content

R. Bonjoru
K. A. Abubakar
F. H. Bonjoru
V. R. Ndeham
S. O. Amadu

Abstract

This study was carried out to compare the capture efficiency of some artisanal fishing gears employed at Upper Benue Basin, Nigeria. The study was carried out for a 6 months period running from July to December 2017. Sampling was by Direct observation of the Fish at the landing sites and the gears used by the fishermen. Coefficient of Variation is used for the assessment of variability in the Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) by gear types. Other data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).  A total of 5 different gear types were identified to include: Gill net – Taru; Malian trap – Gura/Malia; Lift net – Akauji; Cast net – Birgi; Longline – Rincha. The result further indicated that Coefficient of Variations (C.V) differ with the gear used. The study therefore recommends that further investigation on the efficiency of the nets over a longer period (for at least 2 seasons) should be carried out; government should take immediate action through public awareness and education to regulate fishing activities such that adequate numbers of fishermen should be licensed to fish in a particular water body, together with their gear and craft nets; and a minimum of 3” mesh size has been recommended for all inland net fishing. This is to protect the spawning stock of commercially valued species.

Keywords:
Capture efficiency, artisanal fishing, gears, upper Benue basin

Article Details

How to Cite
Bonjoru, R., Abubakar, K. A., Bonjoru, F. H., Ndeham, V. R., & Amadu, S. O. (2019). Capture Efficiency of Some Artisanal Fishing Gears Employed At Upper Benue River Basin, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 21(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/jalsi/2019/v21i230098
Section
Original Research Article

References

Binyotubo TE. A guide to fishing gear technology. National Institute of Freshwater Fisheries Research, New-Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria. 2011;345.

Food and Agricultural Organization, FAO. Sample-based Fishery Surveys. FAO Fishery Technical Paper. No. 425; 2012.
[ISBN 92-5-104699-9.pp 144]

Raw Materials Research and Development Council Fishery Issues Potentials. 2007; 7(1):15-20.

Ogunbadejo HK, Alhaji T, Otubusin S. Productivity of labor in artisanal fish farming in Nigeria. African Journal of Applied Zoology & Environmental Biology. 2007;9:74-77.

Emmanuel BE. The artisanal fishing gears, crafts technology and their efficiency in Lekki lagoon, Nigeria. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. University of Lagos. 2009;256.

Kingdom T, Kwen K. Survey of fishing gear and methods in the lower Taylor Creek Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. In: World Journal of Fish and marine Sciences. 2009;1(4):313-319.

Adeleke BA, Ayeloja AA, Popoola MA, Jimoh WA, Olawepo KD, Rifhat AO. Assessment of fishing gear and crafts utilized by fishermen in Eleyele Lake, Ibadan, Oyo state. Proceedings of 28th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria, Abuja. 2013;5-20.

Taraba State Official Diary. A property of Taraba State Investment and Property Limited (TRIP Ltd), Jalingo; 2016.

Abu Sayeed MD, Salam MA, Hossain MAR, Wahab MA. Efficiency of fishing gears and their effects on fish biodiversity and production in the Chalan Beel of Bangladesh. European Scientific Journal. 2014;10(30):294-309.

du Feu TA, Abayomi OS, Seisay MDB. Fishing Gear Survey, Kainji Lake, Northern Nigeria. Nigeria German Kainji Lake Promotion Technical Report. 1997;6-20.

National Institute for Freshwater Fisheries Research, NIFFR. National surveys of fishing gears and crafts on Nigerian inland water bodies. NIFFR occasional paper No.4. 2002;ix:4.
[ISSN 0794-2451, ISBN 978-177-051-1]

Damilare IO. Survey of artisanal fishing gear and craft: A case study of Kainji Lake lower basin, Nigeria. Unpublished Master Thesis in International Fisheries Manage-ment submitted to the Faculty of Bioscience, Fisheries and Economics, The Arctic University, Norway; 2014.

Bankole NO, Raji IA, Adikwu OA, Okwundu EC. Fishing gear survey of Lake Alau, In: Eyo AA, Ajao EA (Eds), Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON). Maiduguri. 2001;99-103.

Neiland AE, Jaffry S, Ladu BMB, Sarch MT, Madakan SP. Inland fisheries of north east Nigeria including the upper River Benue, Lake Chad and the Nguru-Gashua Wetlands. I. Characterization and analysis of planning suppositions. 2000;229-243.

Tagago TA, Ahmed YB. Fishing gear survey of Tatabu floodplain, In: Koko RJ, Orire AM (Eds). Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON). 28th November-2nd December, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. 2011;109-116.

Seisay MDB. The cast net fishery, Kainji Lake, Nigeria, 1970-1997. Nigerian- German (GTZ) Kainji Lake fisheries promotion project.Technical Report Series 12. 1998;28.

[ISSN: 1119- 1449]

Emmanuel BE. Assessment of fishing practices in a tropical low brackish lagoon ecosystem in southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Life and Physical Sciences. 2010;4(2):13-17.

Emmanuel BE. Gill net selectivity and catch rates of pelagic fish in tropical coastal lagoonal ecosystem. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2008;7(21): 3962-3971.

Solarin BB, Okorie PV. Nigeria fisheries at a time of economic paradigm shift. Proceeding of the 22nd annual conference of the fisheries society of Nigeria (FISON); 2007.

Portt CB, Coker GA, Ming DL, Randall RG. A review of fish sampling methods commonly used in Canadian freshwater habitats. Canada Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2007;4(1): 2604-2608.